- 1 What is the Slocum test?
- 2 How is Godfrey 90 90 performed?
- 3 How is the sag test performed?
- 4 What is Godfrey’s test?
- 5 What is pivot shift test knee?
- 6 What is valgus stress of the knee?
- 7 What is posterior sag sign?
- 8 What is patellar apprehension test?
- 9 How do you treat a PCL sprain?
- 10 What does the posterior drawer sign indicate?
What is the Slocum test?
Definition/Description. The Slocum’s test (1976) represents a modification of the Anterior Drawer test which tests anteromedial rotary instability (AMRI) and anterolateral rotary instability (ALRI) of the knee. The anterior drawer test evaluates the anterior cruciate ligament.
How is Godfrey 90 90 performed?
Godfrey 90/90 Test: – Test Positioning: The subject lies supine on the table with both the hip and the knee of the involved side to 90 degrees. – Action: the examiner passively stabilizes the positioning of the subject’s hip and knee while assessing the location of the Tibia along the longitudinal axis.
How is the sag test performed?
Patient lies supine with hip flexed to 45 degrees and the knee to 90 degrees. Must observe both knees, look for one tibia to sag or be lower than the other one. If the sag is noticed, it could give you a false positive anterior drawer.
What is Godfrey’s test?
(god′frē″) A test to identify a tear of the posterior cruciate ligament. With the patient lying supine and the hips and knees flexed to 90°, the examiner lifts both of the patient’s lower legs and holds them parallel to the table. The relative position of the lower legs is then observed.
What is pivot shift test knee?
The pivot shift is a dynamic but passive test of knee stability, carried out by the examiner without any activity of the patient. It shows a dysregulation between rolling and gliding in the kneejoint. The patient lies in supine.
What is valgus stress of the knee?
The valgus stress test or medial stress test, is a test for damage to the medial collateral ligament of the knee. It involves placing the leg into extension, with one hand placed as a pivot on the knee. When tested at 0 degrees, the MCL, medial joint capsule, and anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments are stressed.
What is posterior sag sign?
Posterior Sag Sign (Gravity Drawer Test) Tests for rotary instability posteriorly and/or torn PCL. In supine subjects hip and knee are flexed to 90°while the examiner supports the leg under the lower calf or heel in the air. A positive sign is a posterior sag of the tibia caused by gravitational pull.
What is patellar apprehension test?
Hypothesis: The “moving patellar apprehension test ” is a sensitive and specific physical examination technique for the diagnosis of patellar instability. The knee is then flexed to 90 degrees and then brought back to full extension while the lateral force on the patella is maintained.
How do you treat a PCL sprain?
Nonsurgical Treatment of Posterior Cruciate Ligament Injury
- Using crutches at first, then gradually walking with more weight on the knee.
- Having a machine or therapist move your leg through its range of motion.
- Temporarily wearing a knee brace for support.
- Strengthening your thigh muscles to help make the knee more stable.
What does the posterior drawer sign indicate?
If the tibia pulls forward or backward more than normal, the test is considered positive. Excessive displacement of the tibia anteriorly suggests that the anterior cruciate ligament is injured, whereas excessive posterior displacement of the tibia may indicate injury of the posterior cruciate ligament.