Often asked: What Is Distraction Orthopedics?

What is a bone distraction?

Bone distraction is the process of generating new bone in a gap between two bone segments in response to the application of graduated tensile stress across the bone gap. Different types of distraction are actually proposed to be an alternative to facial osteotomies or bone grafting techniques.

What is distraction medical?

1. Difficulty or impossibility of concentration or fixation of the mind. 2. A force applied to a body part to separate bony fragments or joint surfaces.

What is distraction osteogenesis in orthodontics?

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a surgical-orthopedic method for lengthening bone by separating or distracting a fracture callus. It represents an important technique for surgeons and orthodontists to reconstruct and recontour the facial skeleton.

Who needs distraction osteogenesis?

The most common application is in infants with small mandibles (micrognathia) leading to tongue-based airway obstruction, difficulty breathing, and sleep apnea (see Pierre Robin sequence). Distraction osteogenesis is used to lengthen the mandibles (figure 3) of patients with hemifacial microsomia, as well.

Is distraction osteogenesis painful?

IS DISTRACTION OSTEOGENESIS PAINFUL? Our patients are treated under general anesthesia, there is no pain during the surgical procedure. Postoperatively, you will be supplied with medications to keep you comfortable, and antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection.

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How long does distraction osteogenesis take?

Distraction osteogenesis is performed as an outpatient surgery in our accredited surgical facility. Patients undergoing this procedure will require general anesthesia. The procedure takes anywhere between 2-3 hours.

What does a distraction mean?

1: something that distracts: an object that directs one’s attention away from something else turned off her phone to limit distractions One created a distraction while the other grabbed the money.

What is distraction surgery?

Distraction osteogenesis is a way to make a longer bone out of a shorter one. After a bone is cut during surgery, a device called a distractor pulls the 2 pieces of bone apart slowly. The slow stretching apart of bone is not painful.

Does distraction help with anxiety?

Distraction can be a useful tactic for coping with anxiety. Redirecting your mind away from something that is causing you to feel worried, or stressed, allows you to relax enough that you may then be able to process it better. Anxiety tends to start off as something small and slowly swell until it becomes overwhelming.

What is distraction osteogenesis in oral and maxillofacial surgery?

Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a method of generating new bone following a corticotomy or an osteotomy and gradual distraction. The method is based on the tension-stress principle proposed by Ilizarov.

Who first described distraction osteogenesis in the maxillofacial region?

[1] The incipient concept of distraction osteogenesis, as first described for correction of limb length discrepancies by Codivilla [2] in 1905, represented an osteotomized femur subjected to repeated forces of traction and counter-traction.

What are cranial distractors used for?

PVDO uses specialized devices called cranial distractors to move the bones of the back of the skull very slowly. In PVDO the skull bones are left attached to the dura (outer covering of the brain). Cuts are made in the skull bones, similar to open cranial vault remodeling (CVR).

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What is distraction osteogenesis in dentistry?

Simply stated, distraction osteogenesis means the slow movement apart ( distraction ) of two bony segments in a manner such that new bone is allowed to fill in the gap created by the separating bony segments.

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